Built to complement the rich, open source Python community, the Anaconda platform provides an enterprise-ready data analytics platform that empowers companies to adopt a modern open data science analytics architecture.
Rivanna has Python 2 and 3 available as part of the Anaconda distribution. Anaconda comes installed with many packages best suited for scientific computing, data processing, and data analysis, while making deployment very simple. Its package manager conda installs and updates python packages and dependencies, keeping different package versions isolated on a project-by-project basis. Anaconda is available as open source under the New BSD license. It also ships with pip, the common python package manager.
The current installation of Anaconda incorporates the most popular packages. To find the available versions and learn how to load them, run:
module spider anaconda
The output of the command shows the available Anaconda module versions.
For detailed information about a particular Anaconda
module, including how to load the module, run the
module spider command with the module’s full version label. For example:
module spider anaconda/2019.10-py2.7
|Module||Version||Module Load Command|
|anaconda||2019.10-py2.7||module load anaconda/2019.10-py2.7|
|anaconda||2019.10-py3.7||module load anaconda/2019.10-py3.7|
|anaconda||2020.11-py3.8||module load anaconda/2020.11-py3.8|
|anaconda||5.2.0-py3.6||module load anaconda/5.2.0-py3.6|
Packages could be installed via the
conda package managers
Open the bash terminal, and type:
conda search package_name(search for a package by name)
conda install package_name(install a package)
conda update package_name --upgrade(upgrade the package to latest stable version)
conda list(list all installed packages)
Open the bash terminal, and type:
pip search package_name(search for a package by name)
pip install --user package_name(install a package)
pip update package_name --upgrade(upgrade the package to latest stable version)
pip list(list all installed packages)
Do not upgrade pip
If you see the following message asking you to upgrade your pip version, it is usually safe to ignore it.
You are using pip version x.x.x, however version y.y.y is available. You should consider upgrading via the 'pip install --upgrade pip' command.
Doing so may result in broken dependencies.
(As of 01/10/2020, this error message is suppressed.)
However, if you must upgrade pip, please do so in a virtual environment, as discussed below.
Running Python2 and Python3 using Virtual Environments
You can specify which version of Python you want to run using conda. This can be done on a project-by-project basis, and is part of what is called a “Virtual Environment”. A Virtual Environment is simply your isolated copy of Python in which you maintain your own version of files and directories. It enables you to keep other projects unaffected. With projects that have similar dependencies, you can freely install different versions of the same package without worry on two different Virtual Environments. In order to jump between two VE’s, you simply activate or deactivate your environment. Follow the steps below:
Update Conda (skip this step if you are on Rivanna):
conda update conda
Set up your Virtual Environment:
conda create -n your_env_name_goes_here(default Python version: use
conda infoto find out)
conda create -n your_env_name_goes_here python=version_goes_here(This command will automatically upgrade pip to the latest version in the environment. To find specific Python versions, use
conda search "^python$".)
If it asks you for
yto proceed. It will start the installation
Activate your newly created environment
source activate your_env_name_goes_here
Install a package in your activated environment
conda install -n your_env_name_goes_here your_package_name_goes_here
conda install -n your_env_name_goes_here \ your_package_name_goes_here=version_goes_here
OR (even better)
In your home directory or Conda installation folder, create a file called
.condarc(if not already there) Inside the file write the following:
create_default_packages - your_package_name_goes_here - your_package_name_goes_here - your_package_name_goes_here ...
`` Now everytime you create a new environment, all those packages listed in
.condarcwill be installed.
To end the current environment session:
Remove an environment:
conda remove -n your_env_name_goes_here -all
Please visit the official [Anaconda website] (https://www.anaconda.com/distribution/).